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The Territory

The Territory of San Gimignano

The surface area of the Municipality of San Gimignano is of about 12,500 hectares, 5,600 of which are destined to farm productions (vineyards, olive groves, cereal crops).

The production area is characterised by a Mediterranean climate with rather dry summers, not particularly harsh winters and rainfall concentrated in two periods: April/May and November, with temperatures varying from -5°C to +37°C. The area benefits from good ventilation all year round and only rarely is it cloaked in fog.

The territory of the production of the Denominations protected falls entirely within the Municipality of San Gimignano, in the northwest part of the province of Siena, in the heart of Tuscany. It is a territory situated completely on hills at altitudes between 200 and 400 m above sea level. The soils are of Pliocene origin, dating back between 6.8 and 1.8 million years.

The soils destined to the wine production are those formed on Pliocene marine deposits and consisting of yellow sand (tuff) and yellow clay which, in turn, are often layered over more compact clays present deep down. Moreover, the soils are strongly characterised by the presence of sand and have almost no heavy stone at all, they are loose and therefore susceptible to penetration by the roots of the vines. They are usually poor in organic substance and are well drained thanks to the sand. It is this sand, tuff, that is the characterising pedological element from the winegrowing-oenological point of view, due to the savoury flavour that it conveys to the wines that originate in it.

The San Gimignano hills present variable exposures, altitudes, soil compositions and availability of water. The multiple and sometimes unique combinations of these single factors have, even in such a small area, a significant effect on the characteristics of the wines made there, accentuating the fruity or mineral characteristics or the savouriness of the flavour, depending on the case.

Viticultural production in San Gimignano

The San Gimignano area is very well suited to winegrowing. The main appellation is Vernaccia di San Gimignano Docg, flanked by San Gimignano Doc. These two wines are specific to the territory. There are also vineyards for the production of Chianti, Chianti Colli Senesi and IGT Toscana.

The vineyards account for 1,900 ha, 720 destined to the production of Vernaccia di San Gimignano, 450 destined to the production of San Gimignano, 730 destined to the production of IGT, Chianti and Chianti Colli Senesi

There are 170 producers in the San Gimignano area, only 70 of whom bottle and sell their wine under their own brand.